Pompeii

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Pompeii

Mesaj Scris de basaru la data de Lun 19 Oct 2015 - 21:26

Pompeii


RO
Pompeii a fost un oraș roman în apropierea orașului Napoli, în regiunea Campania din Italia. În urma erupției vulcanului Vezuviu din anul 79 d.Hr., orașul Pompeii a fost distrus și acoperit de un strat gros de cenușă și piroclastite. Abia în anul 1748 a fost redescoperit întâmplător, după ce mai întâi Herculaneum, o altă localitate distrusă de aceeași erupție a Vezuviului, fusese descoperită în 1738. Cercetările arheologice au scos la iveală o imensă cantitate de informații detaliate despre viața citadină în Imperiul Roman la culmea dezvoltării sale. În prezent, Pompeii este una dintre cele mai importante atracții turistice ale Italiei.


EN
The city of Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Researchers believe that the town was founded in the seventh or sixth century BC by the Osci or Oscans. It came under the domination of Rome in the 4th century BC, and was conquered and became a Roman colony in 80 BC after it joined an unsuccessful rebellion against the Roman Republic. By the time of its destruction, 160 years later, its population was estimated to be 11,000 people, and the city had a complex water system, an amphitheatre, gymnasium and a port.

The eruption destroyed the city, killing its inhabitants and burying it under tons of ash. Evidence for the destruction originally came from a surviving letter by Pliny the Younger, who saw the eruption from a distance and described the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder, an admiral of the Roman fleet, who tried to rescue citizens. The site was lost for about 1,500 years until its initial rediscovery in 1599 and broader rediscovery almost 150 years later by Spanish engineer Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre in 1748.[1] The objects that lay beneath the city have been well-preserved for centuries because of the lack of air and moisture. These artifacts provide an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city during the Pax Romana. During the excavation, plaster was used to fill in the voids in the ash layers that once held human bodies. This allowed one to see the exact position the person was in when he or she died.

Pompeii has been a tourist destination for over 250 years. Today it has UNESCO World Heritage Site status and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy, with approximately 2.5 million visitors every year.

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Ultima editare efectuata de catre basaru in Lun 19 Oct 2015 - 21:55, editata de 4 ori

basaru
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Re: Pompeii

Mesaj Scris de basaru la data de Lun 19 Oct 2015 - 21:46

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A cast of the 'muleteer', a victim of the eruption of Vesuvius which completely covered Pompeii in 79 CE. The poisonous and super-heated gas cloud which struck Pompeii following the initial ash fall-out asphyxiated and baked any remaining people in the town. This victim was discovered near a skeleton of a mule under a porticoe of the Palaestra.

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Re: Pompeii

Mesaj Scris de basaru la data de Lun 19 Oct 2015 - 21:49

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A black and white photo taken c. 1900 CE of the Roman town of Pompeii, buried in volcanic ash following the eruption of Veusvius in 79 CE. In the foreground are two theatres.

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Re: Pompeii

Mesaj Scris de basaru la data de Lun 19 Oct 2015 - 22:10

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Re: Pompeii

Mesaj Scris de Beauty la data de Dum 3 Iul 2016 - 14:44

BBC: Помпеи: новые секреты / Pompeii: New Secrets Revealed with Mary Beard

Год: 2016
Страна: Великобритания
Рейтинг: HD 7.0 (28)
Время: 59 мин.
Перевод: SDI Media
Пришло время проекта "Великие Помпеи", а значит, историк Мэри Бирд отправляется на раскопки древнего города, застывшего во времени из-за извержения вулкана в 79 году н.э. За всё время раскопок было немало рассказано об этом городе, но, тем не менее, секретов у него ещё предостаточно, целая треть города ещё покоится в застывшей лаве, а также мы практически ничего не знаем о том, чьи тела были найдены. Используя последние достижения техники, исследователи начали огромный проект по раскопкам 30% города, которые лежат погребёнными под слоем пепла и лавы, в надежде открыть новые факты о трагически погибших людях. Впервые будут извлечены застывшие тела погибших, чтобы провести идентификацию, включая забор образцов ДНК!

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Re: Pompeii

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